Carefully directed, well-focused, repetitive practice, physiotherapy with diet are main components of treatment.
According to Ayurveda paralysis is known as pakshagatha, disorder caused to imbalance in vata. A block in the vata movement causes pakshagatha.Paralysis occurs when the Vata Dosha aggravates in the brain. Strenuous exercise, continuous exposure to stress, sleeplessness or obstruction of channels present in brain lead to aggravation of the Vata Dosha. Aggravated Vata Dosha can dry up the nerves with adverse affects on the opposite side of the body.
Vata or neurological pathologies influence the Dhamni / Shira vessels of head region leads to destruction of the function of the corresponding Paksha or half side of the body.
Many people with paralysis feel fear, anxiety, frustration, anger, sadness, and a sense of grief for their physical and mental losses. These feelings are a natural response to the Paralysis. Some emotional disturbances and personality changes are caused by the physical effects of brain damage. Clinical depression, which is a sense of hopelessness that disrupts an individual's ability to function, appears to be the emotional disorder most commonly experienced by stroke survivors. Signs of clinical depression include sleep disturbances, a radical change in eating patterns that may lead to sudden weight loss or gain, lethargy, social withdrawal, irritability, fatigue, self-loathing, and suicidal thoughts.
Types of Paralysis:
Monoplegia - One hand or leg is affected
Diplegia - This type of paralysis involves both sides of the body, and severly affects the legs than the arms. Cerebral diplegia is far more severe and dangerous when the damage is widespread
Paraplegia - It occurs usually due to injury or disease of spinal cord and occurs in both the legs. It is generally accompanied by loss of sensation below the level of injury and disturbed bladder function.
Hemiplegia - Only one side of the body is affected-It is paralysis of one side of the body, when movements of face are affected more severely than those of the leg. It is caused by disease of the opposite (contralateral) hemisphere of the brain. –
Quadriplegia - All four limbs are affected.
Causes for Paralysis:
Ischemic cerebral lesion, which is due to obstruction of blood vessels present in the brain with fat particles, blood clot, air bubbles or cholesterol plaque (atherosclerosis). Hemorrhagic cerebral lesion is due to hypertension (high blood pressure), aneurysm or trauma.
The centre affected by the lesion is responsible for the paralysis of the corresponding part in the body. Several risk factors are mentioned in western medicine as being possible predisposing factors to paralysis.
- Strokes-Leading cause of paralysis
- Brain Hemorrhage due to High Blood Pressure
- Blocks due to High Cholesterol
- Brain Tumors
- Excess Stress
- Exposure to hazardous toxins such as poison or radiation
- Slipped/herniated disk
The above is not complete list. But are common causes.
If paralysis lasts for long time, it may lead to death
Causes Bedsores which may get infected
Speech Impairment, loss of auditory/Visual senses
Muscle Wasting-Irreversible damage
Prospects of cure: Early stages in paralysis (particularly before 1 year has lapsed) are curable. Where a complete cure is not feasible, symptoms can be reduced and the condition of the patient can be seen to improve. When paralysis occurs in very old people or infants, it is hard to cure.
Some Warning Signals
- l Sudden weakness or numbness in the face, arm or leg.
- Sudden dimness or loss of vision, particularly in one eye.
- Sudden difficulty in speaking or understanding speech.
- Sudden severe headache with no known cause.
- Unexplained dizziness, unsteadiness, or sudden falls, especially in conjunction with the other warning signs.
- Occasionally, strokes cause double vision, drowsiness, nausea or vomiting.
- Admission for minimum 3 months-Based up on the condition
- In-house Physiotherapy
- Rehabilitation Programs
- Ayurveda Massages
- Neurophysician consultation per week
- Speech-Language Pathologists consultation
- Complete Nursing care
- Dietician recommended diet
- Daily Yoga classes
- Daily Meditation Sessions
- Spiritual Programs
- Well equipped rooms with LED TV and Attached Bathroom
- A/C rooms with good ventilation
- Ayurveda diet as an optional
- Fruit juices as prescribed
- 100% Vegetarian food
- WIFI and dedicated computer stations for attenders if needed
- Facility to cook own food
- Daily trips to community park on wheelchairs
- 24/7 Ambulance service
The Physical and Medical Rehabilitation specialist attends the patient with the above-mentioned experts to formulate a complete treatment plan. The progress is regularly monitored by a committee and the treatment plan is updated as per progress achieved.
PHYSIOTHERAPY for PARALYSIS
- Motor re-learning program,
- Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation,
- Bobath Approach
- Mirror therapy,
- Body weight support treadmill training,
- EMG Biofeed Back therapy,
- Virtual reality games,
- Task specific training
- EMG triggered electrical stimulation
- Functional physiotherapy
The first steps involve
- Promoting independent movement because many individuals are paralyzed or seriously weakened.
- Patients are prompted to change positions frequently while lying in bed and to engage in passive or active range of motion exercises
- Bearing their own weight, and walking, with or without assistance.
- Rehabilitation nurses and therapists help patients who are able to perform progressively more complex and demanding tasks, such as bathing, dressing, and using a toilet, and they encourage patients to begin using their stroke-impaired limbs while engaging in those tasks.
- Overall reacquire the ability to carry basic activities of daily living
Asato maa sadgamaya
Tamaso maa jyotirgamaya
Mityor maa am itam gamaya
Om shaanti shaanti shaanti
"From the unreal, lead us to the Real; from darkness, lead us unto Light; from death, lead us to Immortality. Om peace, peace, peace."
Service to humanity is service to God, to see omnipresent God in the form of the patient who has come to seek treatment, thereby giving us an opportunity to serve God and find the path of liberation from this binding life of sin and sorrow, is the central principle of the institute, keeping this in mind people from different walks of life contribute their time and energy to the institute on honorary basis.
"Medicine and Surgery add years to the life while Rehabilitation adds life to the years."